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Given a singly linked list, return a random node's value from the linked list. Each node must have the same probability of being chosen.

 

Example 1:

Input
["Solution", "getRandom", "getRandom", "getRandom", "getRandom", "getRandom"]
[[[1, 2, 3]], [], [], [], [], []]
Output
[null, 1, 3, 2, 2, 3]

Explanation
Solution solution = new Solution([1, 2, 3]);
solution.getRandom(); // return 1
solution.getRandom(); // return 3
solution.getRandom(); // return 2
solution.getRandom(); // return 2
solution.getRandom(); // return 3
// getRandom() should return either 1, 2, or 3 randomly. Each element should have equal probability of returning.

 

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the linked list will be in the range [1, 104].
  • -104 <= Node.val <= 104
  • At most 104 calls will be made to getRandom.

 

Follow up:

  • What if the linked list is extremely large and its length is unknown to you?
  • Could you solve this efficiently without using extra space?

/** * Definition for singly-linked list. * public class ListNode { * int val; * ListNode next; * ListNode() {} * ListNode(int val) { this.val = val; } * ListNode(int val, ListNode next) { this.val = val; this.next = next; } * } */ class Solution { /** @param head The linked list's head. Note that the head is guaranteed to be not null, so it contains at least one node. */ public Solution(ListNode head) { } /** Returns a random node's value. */ public int getRandom() { } } /** * Your Solution object will be instantiated and called as such: * Solution obj = new Solution(head); * int param_1 = obj.getRandom(); */