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Design a stack that supports push, pop, top, and retrieving the minimum element in constant time.

Implement the MinStack class:

  • MinStack() initializes the stack object.
  • void push(val) pushes the element val onto the stack.
  • void pop() removes the element on the top of the stack.
  • int top() gets the top element of the stack.
  • int getMin() retrieves the minimum element in the stack.

 

Example 1:

Input
["MinStack","push","push","push","getMin","pop","top","getMin"]
[[],[-2],[0],[-3],[],[],[],[]]

Output
[null,null,null,null,-3,null,0,-2]

Explanation
MinStack minStack = new MinStack();
minStack.push(-2);
minStack.push(0);
minStack.push(-3);
minStack.getMin(); // return -3
minStack.pop();
minStack.top();    // return 0
minStack.getMin(); // return -2

 

Constraints:

  • -231 <= val <= 231 - 1
  • Methods pop, top and getMin operations will always be called on non-empty stacks.
  • At most 3 * 104 calls will be made to push, pop, top, and getMin.

class MinStack { /** initialize your data structure here. */ public MinStack() { } public void push(int val) { } public void pop() { } public int top() { } public int getMin() { } } /** * Your MinStack object will be instantiated and called as such: * MinStack obj = new MinStack(); * obj.push(val); * obj.pop(); * int param_3 = obj.top(); * int param_4 = obj.getMin(); */