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Given the root of an n-ary tree, return the preorder traversal of its nodes' values.

Nary-Tree input serialization is represented in their level order traversal. Each group of children is separated by the null value (See examples)

 

Example 1:

Input: root = [1,null,3,2,4,null,5,6]
Output: [1,3,5,6,2,4]

Example 2:

Input: root = [1,null,2,3,4,5,null,null,6,7,null,8,null,9,10,null,null,11,null,12,null,13,null,null,14]
Output: [1,2,3,6,7,11,14,4,8,12,5,9,13,10]

 

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the tree is in the range [0, 104].
  • 0 <= Node.val <= 104
  • The height of the n-ary tree is less than or equal to 1000.

 

Follow up: Recursive solution is trivial, could you do it iteratively?

/* // Definition for a Node. class Node { public int val; public List<Node> children; public Node() {} public Node(int _val) { val = _val; } public Node(int _val, List<Node> _children) { val = _val; children = _children; } }; */ class Solution { public List<Integer> preorder(Node root) { } }